The Prime Minister of India has suggested that India should set a goal to create 500 million certified and skilled technicians in the country by 2022. As we have the largest population of young people in the world, we need to invest adequately in their education and employability, to become the largest pool of technically trained manpower in the world.
During the past few years, Government of India has been giving special focus to skill development and employment generation as the core policy initiative. The state governments have also been called upon to participate in these initiatives in pro-active and meaningful manner and bring it to the centre of governance agenda.
There are more than 5,000 ITIs and vocational training institutes run by central and state governments. Most of these, however, are plagued by an array of problems like faculty shortage, obsolete curriculum, etc. Recent reports indicate that out of the sum of money allocated by the government for it, less percentage is used for quality upgrading of institutes, while the rest goes in salary of the faculty members. Analysis shows that less than 40 percent of ITIs graduates find employment. The gap between demand and supply of skilled workforce has widened over the years.
In the table given below we can see the no. of ITI, Polytechnics and engineering colleges in Bihar and Jharkhand. The students who pass out from ITI, Polytechnics and Engineering colleges do not get employment immediately after passing out. However, it has been observed that when these students take admission at Indo Danish Tool Room, Jamshedpur and after they are trained on any value addition course, their scope of getting employed increases many folds and are easily absorbed by industries.
|No. of Institutes||No. of Students||No. of Institutes||No. of Students|
|DEGREE ENGINEERING COLLEGES||25||9674||18||8709|
The Tool Room and Training Center at Patliputra which is coming up in the state of Bihar shall be helpful to the state of Bihar in the following ways:
- To develop young men and women of Bihar as leaders for the promotion of the economic and industrial development of the Country and to play a creative role in service of humanity.
- Increase employability of the youth and empower them to take part in the economic growth of Bihar and India, through chalking out a roadmap of providing professional and skill training in modern and market driven professions at reasonable cost and monitoring its delivery, and thereby reduce unemployment, poverty and socio-economic inequality.
- To monitor the quality of training imparted to produce targeted number of high quality skilled personnel across various strata of youth and workers, especially from among the disadvantaged sections.
- To provide skill development training to the
- Students passing out from primary elementary/high/Intermediate schools.
- School drop-outs
- Unemployed youth
- Informal sector workers
- Women and other disadvantaged groups
- Formulation of policies and programmes to upgrade the Industrial Training Institutes/ Centres of Bihar into Centre of Excellence.
- To map demand for skill sets in the market and formulate programs to meet such demand through high quality skill training.
- Develop self employment and entrepreneurial skills for youths of Bihar and to provide skill-based services to Self Help Groups (SHGs) for earning reasonable income there from.
- To act as a platform for job seekers and provide assistance in getting self employment.
- To carry out or implement any other activities/ schemes which are beneficial for the youth of State of Bihar.